Header logo is


2014


no image
Finite-size scaling study of shear viscosity anomaly at liquid-liquid criticality

Roy, S., Das, S. K.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 141(23), December 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

2014


DOI [BibTex]


Series of Multilinked Caterpillar Track-type Climbing Robots
Series of Multilinked Caterpillar Track-type Climbing Robots

Lee, G., Kim, H., Seo, K., Kim, J., Sitti, M., Seo, T.

Journal of Field Robotics, November 2014 (article)

Abstract
Climbing robots have been widely applied in many industries involving hard to access, dangerous, or hazardous environments to replace human workers. Climbing speed, payload capacity, the ability to overcome obstacles, and wall-to-wall transitioning are significant characteristics of climbing robots. Here, multilinked track wheel-type climbing robots are proposed to enhance these characteristics. The robots have been developed for five years in collaboration with three universities: Seoul National University, Carnegie Mellon University, and Yeungnam University. Four types of robots are presented for different applications with different surface attachment methods and mechanisms: MultiTank for indoor sites, Flexible caterpillar robot (FCR) and Combot for heavy industrial sites, and MultiTrack for high-rise buildings. The method of surface attachment is different for each robot and application, and the characteristics of the joints between links are designed as active or passive according to the requirement of a given robot. Conceptual design, practical design, and control issues of such climbing robot types are reported, and a proper choice of the attachment methods and joint type is essential for the successful multilink track wheel-type climbing robot for different surface materials, robot size, and computational costs.

pi

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Segmented molecular design of self-healing proteinaceous materials.
Segmented molecular design of self-healing proteinaceous materials.

Sariola, V., Pena-Francesch, A., Jung, H., Çetinkaya, M., Pacheco, C., Sitti, M., Demirel, M. C.

Scientific reports, 5, pages: 13482-13482, Nature Publishing Group, July 2014 (article)

Abstract
Hierarchical assembly of self-healing adhesive proteins creates strong and robust structural and interfacial materials, but understanding of the molecular design and structure–property relationships of structural proteins remains unclear. Elucidating this relationship would allow rational design of next generation genetically engineered self-healing structural proteins. Here we report a general self-healing and -assembly strategy based on a multiphase recombinant protein based material. Segmented structure of the protein shows soft glycine- and tyrosine-rich segments with self-healing capability and hard beta-sheet segments. The soft segments are strongly plasticized by water, lowering the self-healing temperature close to body temperature. The hard segments self-assemble into nanoconfined domains to reinforce the material. The healing strength scales sublinearly with contact time, which associates with diffusion and wetting of autohesion. The finding suggests that recombinant structural proteins from heterologous expression have potential as strong and repairable engineering materials.

pi

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Bio-Hybrid Cell-Based Actuators for Microsystems
Bio-Hybrid Cell-Based Actuators for Microsystems

Carlsen, R. W., Sitti, M.

Small, 10(19):3831-3851, June 2014 (article)

Abstract
As we move towards the miniaturization of devices to perform tasks at the nano and microscale, it has become increasingly important to develop new methods for actuation, sensing, and control. Over the past decade, bio-hybrid methods have been investigated as a promising new approach to overcome the challenges of scaling down robotic and other functional devices. These methods integrate biological cells with artificial components and therefore, can take advantage of the intrinsic actuation and sensing functionalities of biological cells. Here, the recent advancements in bio-hybrid actuation are reviewed, and the challenges associated with the design, fabrication, and control of bio-hybrid microsystems are discussed. As a case study, focus is put on the development of bacteria-driven microswimmers, which has been investigated as a targeted drug delivery carrier. Finally, a future outlook for the development of these systems is provided. The continued integration of biological and artificial components is envisioned to enable the performance of tasks at a smaller and smaller scale in the future, leading to the parallel and distributed operation of functional systems at the microscale.

pi

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Ultracompact Three-Dimensional Tubular Conductivity Microsensors for Ionic and Biosensing Applications

Martinez-Cisneros, C. S., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Xi, W.

Nano Letters, pages: 2219-2224, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2014 (article)

Abstract
We present ultracompact three-dimensional tubular structures integrating Au-based electrodes as impedimetric microsensors for the in-flow determination of mono- and divalent ionic species and HeLa cells. The microsensors show an improved performance of 2 orders of magnitude (limit of detection \textequals 0.1 nM for KCl) compared to conventional planar conductivity detection systems integrated in microfluidic platforms and the capability to detect single HeLa cells in flowing phosphate buffered saline. These highly integrated conductivity tubular sensors thus open new possibilities for lab-in-a-tube devices for bioapplications such as biosensing and bioelectronics.

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Catalytic nanomotors for environmental monitoring and water remediation

Soler, L., Sanchez, S.

Nanoscale, 6(13):7175-7182, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Proton-proton collisions at ultra-relativistic energies in quark-gluon string model

Bravina, L., Bleibel, J., Malinina, L., Nilsson, M. S., Zabrodin, E.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 70, EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Hydrodynamic interactions induce anomalous diffusion under partial confinement

Bleibel, J., Dominguez, A., Günther, F., Harting, J., Oettel, M.

Soft Matter, 10(17):2945-2948, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Clay nanotube encapsulation for functional biocomposites

Lvov, Y., Aerov, Artem A., Aerov, A. A., Fakhrullin, R.

Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 207, pages: 189-198, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Control of Self-Propelled Microjets Inside a Microchannel With Time-Varying Flow Rates

Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Khalil, I. S. M., Misra, S.

IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, pages: 49-58, IEEE, New York, NY, 2014 (article)

Abstract
We demonstrate the closed-loop motion control of self-propelled microjets inside a fluidic microchannel. The motion control of the microjets is achieved in hydrogen peroxide solution with time-varying flow rates, under the influence of the controlled magnetic fields and the self-propulsion force. Magnetic dipole mo- ment of the microjets is characterized using the U-turn and the rotating field techniques. The characterized magnetic dipole mo- ment has an average of 1.4 $\times$ 10 \textminus 13 A.m 2 at magnetic field, linear velocity, and boundary frequency of 2 mT, 100 $\mu$ m/s, and 25 rad/s, respectively. We implement a closed-loop control system that is based on the characterized magnetic dipole moment of the mi- crojets. This closed-loop control system positions the microjets by directing the magnetic field lines toward the reference position. Experiments are done using a magnetic system and a fluidic mi- crochannel with a width of 500 $\mu$ m. In the absence of a fluid flow, our control system positions the microjets at an average velocity and within an average region-of-convergence (ROC) of 119 $\mu$ m/s and 390 $\mu$ m, respectively. As a representative case, we observe that our control system positions the microjets at an average velocity and within an average ROC of 90 $\mu$ m/s and 600 $\mu$ m and 120 $\mu$ m/s and 600 $\mu$ m when a flow rate of 2.5 $\mu$ l/min is applied against and along the direction of the microjets, respectively. Furthermore, the average velocity and ROC are determined throughout the flow range (0 to 7.5 $\mu$ l/min) to characterize the motion of the microjets inside the microchannel

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Electrostatic interaction between colloidal particles trapped at an electrolyte interface

Majee, A., Bier, M., Dietrich, S.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 140(16), American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Capillary attraction induced collapse of colloidal monolayers at fluid interfaces

Bleibel, J., Dominguez, A., Oettel, M., Dietrich, S.

Soft Matter, 10(23):4091-4109, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Trapping self-propelled micromotors with microfabricated chevron and heart-shaped chips

Restrepo-Pérez, L., Soler, L., Mart\’\inez-Cisneros, C. S., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Lab on a Chip, 14(9):1515-1518, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Order of wetting transitions in electrolyte solutions

Ibagon, I., Bier, M., Dietrich, S.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 140(17), American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Specific salt effects on thermophoresis of charged colloids

Eslahian, K. A., Majee, A., Maskos, M., Würger, A.

Soft Matter, 10(12):1931-1936, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
H5MD: A structured, efficient, and portable file format for molecular data

De Buyl, P., Colberg, P. H., Höfling, F.

Computer Physics Communications, 185(6):1546-1553, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Emergent Long-Range Couplings in Arrays of Fluid Cells

Abraham, D. B., Maciolek, A., Vasilyev, O.

Physical Review Letters, 113(7), American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Effective interaction between a colloid and a soft interface near criticality

Law, A. D., Harnau, L., Tröndle, M., Dietrich, S.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 141(13), 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Photoactive rolled-up TiO2 microtubes: fabrition, characterization and applications

Giuducatti, S., Marz, S. M., Soler, L., Madani, A., Jorgensen, M. R., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Journal of Materials Chemistry C: Materials for Optical and Electronic Devices, pages: 5892-5901, Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK, 2014 (article)

Abstract
Because of its unique properties, titania (TiO2) represents a promising candidate in a wide variety of research fields. In this paper, some of the properties and potential applications of titania within rolled-up nanotechnology are explored. It is shown how the structural and optical properties of rolled titania microtubes can be controlled by properly tuning the microfabrication parameters. The rolling up of titania films on different sacrificial layers and containing different shapes, achieving a control on the diameter of the fabricated titania microtubes, is presented. In order to obtain the more photoactive crystalline form of titania, one during-fabrication and two post-fabrication methods are demonstrated. Interesting applications in the fields of photocatalysis and photonics are suggested: the use of titania rolled-up microtubes as micromotors and optical microresonators is presented.

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
How ions in solution can change the sign of the critical Casimir potential

Pousaneh, F., Ciach, A., Maciolek, A.

Soft Matter, 10(3):470-483, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Critical Casimir interactions around the consolute point of a binary solvent

Mohry, T. F., Kondrat, S., Maciolek, A., Dietrich, S.

Soft Matter, 10(30):5510-5522, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Collapse and reversibility of the superhydrophobic state on nanotextured surfaces

Checco, A., Ocko, B. M., Rahman, A., Black, C. T., Tasinkevych, M., Giacomello, A., Dietrich, S.

Physical Review Letters, 112(21), American Physical Society., Woodbury, N.Y., etc., 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Density functional theory of electrowetting

Bier, M., Ibagon, I.

Physical Review E, 89(4), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Alignment of cylindrical colloids near chemically patterned substrates induced by critical Casimir torques

Labbe-Laurent, M., Tröndle, M., Harnau, L., Dietrich, S.

Soft Matter, 10(13):2270-2291, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Heat transfer between anisotropic nanoparticles: Enhancement and switching

Incardone, R., Emig, T., Krüger, M.

Europhysics Letters, 106(4), 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Rolled-up Functionalized Nanomembranes as Three-Dimensional Cavities for Single Cell Studies

Xi, W., Schmidt, C., Sanchez, S., Gracias, D., Carazo-Salas, R., Jackson, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Nano Letters, 14(8):4197-4204, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Dispersions of ellipsoidal particles in a nematic liquid crystal

Tasinkevych, M., Mondiot, F., Mondain-Monval, O., Loudet, J. C.

Soft Matter, 10(12):2047-2058, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Critical Casimir interactions between spherical particles in the presence of bulk ordering fields

Vasilyev, O.

Physical Review E, 90, American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Towards Template-Assisted Assembly of Nematic Colloids

Silvestre, N. M., Liu, Q., Senyuk, B., Smalyukh, I. I., Tasinkevych, M.

Physical Review Letters, 112(22), American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Continuously distributed magnetization profile for millimeter-scale elastomeric undulatory swimming
Continuously distributed magnetization profile for millimeter-scale elastomeric undulatory swimming

Diller, E., Zhuang, J., Zhan Lum, G., Edwards, M. R., Sitti, M.

Applied Physics Letters, 104(17):174101, AIP, 2014 (article)

Abstract
We have developed a millimeter-scale magnetically driven swimming robot for untethered motion at mid to low Reynolds numbers. The robot is propelled by continuous undulatory deformation, which is enabled by the distributed magnetization profile of a flexible sheet. We demonstrate control of a prototype device and measure deformation and speed as a function of magnetic field strength and frequency. Experimental results are compared with simple magnetoelastic and fluid propulsion models. The presented mechanism provides an efficient remote actuation method at the millimeter scale that may be suitable for further scaling down in size for microrobotics applications in biotechnology and healthcare

pi

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


no image
Biocompatible, accurate, and fully autonomous: a sperm-driven micro-bio-robot

Khalil, I. S. M., Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Misra, S.

Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics, 9(3-4):79-86, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Stimuli-Responsive Microjets with Reconfigurable Shape

Magdanz, V., Stoychev, G., Ionov, L., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Angewandte Chemie International Edition : a journal of the Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, 53, pages: 2673-2677, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2014 (article)

Abstract
Flexible thermoresponsive polymeric microjets are formed by the self-folding of polymeric layers containing a thin Pt film used as catalyst for self-propulsion in solutions containing hydrogen peroxide. The flexible microjets can reversibly fold and unfold in an accurate manner by applying changes in temperature to the solution in which they are immersed. This effect allows microjets to rapidly start and stop multiple times by controlling the radius of curvature of the microjet. This work opens many possibilities in the field of artificial nanodevices, for fundamental studies on self-propulsion at the microscale, and also for bio related applications.

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Effect of surfactants on the performance of tubular and spherical micromotors –a comparative study

Simmchen, J., Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Chokmaviroj, S., Ruiz-Molina, D., Baeza, A., Schmidt, O. G.

RSC Advances, 4(39):20334-20340, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Rolled-up Functionalized Nanomembranes as Three-Dimensional Cavities for Single Cell Studies

Xi, W., Schmidt, C. K., Sanchez, S., Gracias, D. H., Carazo-Salas, R. E., Jackson, S. P., Schmidt, O. G.

Nano Letters, 14(2):4197-4204, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Wireless Magnetic-Based Closed-Loop Control of Self-Propelled Microjets

Khalil, I. S. M., Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Misra, S.

PLoS One, 9(2), Public Library of Science, San Francisco, CA, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Topological Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals with Bulk Nematic Defect Lines Pinned to Handlebody Surfaces

Campbell, M. G., Tasinkevych, M., Smalyukh, I. I.

Physical Review Letters, 112(19), American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Periodic dynamics, localization metastability, and elastic interaction of colloidal particles with confining surfaces and helicoidal structure of cholesteric liquid crystals

Varney, M. C. M., Zhang, QX, Tasinkevych, M., Silvestre, N. M., Bertness, K. A., Smalyukh, I. I.

Physical Review E, 90(6), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Bio-Hybrid Cell-Based Actuators for Microsystems

Carlsen, Rika Wright, Sitti, Metin

Small, 10(19):3831-3851, 2014 (article)

Abstract
As we move towards the miniaturization of devices to perform tasks at the nano and microscale, it has become increasingly important to develop new methods for actuation, sensing, and control. Over the past decade, bio-hybrid methods have been investigated as a promising new approach to overcome the challenges of scaling down robotic and other functional devices. These methods integrate biological cells with artificial components and therefore, can take advantage of the intrinsic actuation and sensing functionalities of biological cells. Here, the recent advancements in bio-hybrid actuation are reviewed, and the challenges associated with the design, fabrication, and control of bio-hybrid microsystems are discussed. As a case study, focus is put on the development of bacteria-driven microswimmers, which has been investigated as a targeted drug delivery carrier. Finally, a future outlook for the development of these systems is provided. The continued integration of biological and artificial components is envisioned to enable the performance of tasks at a smaller and smaller scale in the future, leading to the parallel and distributed operation of functional systems at the microscale.

pi

link (url) DOI Project Page [BibTex]

link (url) DOI Project Page [BibTex]


no image
Biopsy using a Magnetic Capsule Endoscope Carrying, Releasing and Retrieving Untethered Micro-Grippers

Yim, S., Gultepe, E., Gracias, D. H., Sitti, M.

IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engineering, 61(2):513-521, IEEE, 2014 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


no image
Investigation of tip current and normal force measured simultaneously during local oxidation of titanium using dual-mode scanning probe microscopy

Ozcan, O., Hu, W., Sitti, M., Bain, J., Ricketts, D.

IET Micro \& Nano Letters, 9(5):332-336, IET, 2014 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
SoftCubes: Stretchable and self-assembling three-dimensional soft modular matter

Yim, S., Sitti, M.

The International Journal of Robotics Research, 33(8):1083-1097, SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2014 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


no image
Staying sticky: contact self-cleaning of gecko-inspired adhesives

Mengüç, Y., Röhrig, M., Abusomwan, U., Hölscher, H., Sitti, M.

Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 11(94):20131205, The Royal Society, 2014 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


no image
Dynamic Trapping and Two-Dimensional Transport of Swimming Microorganisms Using a Rotating Magnetic Micro-Robot

Ye, Z., Sitti, M.

Lab on a Chip, 14(13):2177-2182, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]


no image
STRIDE II: a water strider-inspired miniature robot with circular footpads

Ozcan, O., Wang, H., Taylor, J. D., Sitti, M.

International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, 11(6):85, SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2014 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Soft Grippers Using Micro-Fibrillar Adhesives for Transfer Printing

Song, S., Sitti, M.

Advanced Materials, 26(28):4901-4906, 2014 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Splitting, linking, knotting, and solitonic escape of topological defects in nematic drops with handles

Tasinkevych, M., Campbell, M. G., Smalyukh, I. I.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(46):16268-16273, National Academy of Sciences, 2014 (article)

icm

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Can DC motors directly drive flapping wings at high frequency and large wing strokes?

Campolo, D., Azhar, M., Lau, G., Sitti, M.

IEEE/ASME Trans. on Mechatronics, 19(1):109-120, 2014 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Magnetic steering control of multi-cellular bio-hybrid microswimmers

Carlsen, R. W., Edwards, M. R., Zhuang, J., Pacoret, C., Sitti, M.

Lab on a Chip, 14(19):3850-3859, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]