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2015


Enzymatically active biomimetic micropropellers for the penetration of mucin gels
Enzymatically active biomimetic micropropellers for the penetration of mucin gels

Walker (Schamel), D., Käsdorf, B. T., Jeong, H. H., Lieleg, O., Fischer, P.

Science Advances, 1(11):e1500501, December 2015 (article)

Abstract
In the body, mucus provides an important defense mechanism by limiting the penetration of pathogens. It is therefore also a major obstacle for the efficient delivery of particle-based drug carriers. The acidic stomach lining in particular is difficult to overcome because mucin glycoproteins form viscoelastic gels under acidic conditions. The bacterium Helicobacter pylori has developed a strategy to overcome the mucus barrier by producing the enzyme urease, which locally raises the pH and consequently liquefies the mucus. This allows the bacteria to swim through mucus and to reach the epithelial surface. We present an artificial system of reactive magnetic micropropellers that mimic this strategy to move through gastric mucin gels by making use of surface-immobilized urease. The results demonstrate the validity of this biomimetic approach to penetrate biological gels, and show that externally propelled microstructures can actively and reversibly manipulate the physical state of their surroundings, suggesting that such particles could potentially penetrate native mucus.

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

2015


link (url) DOI [BibTex]


The EChemPen: A Guiding Hand To Learn Electrochemical Surface Modifications
The EChemPen: A Guiding Hand To Learn Electrochemical Surface Modifications

Valetaud, M., Loget, G., Roche, J., Hueken, N., Fattah, Z., Badets, V., Fontaine, O., Zigah, D.

J. of Chem. Ed., 92(10):1700-1704, September 2015 (article)

Abstract
The Electrochemical Pen (EChemPen) was developed as an attractive tool for learning electrochemistry. The fabrication, principle, and operation of the EChemPen are simple and can be easily performed by students in practical classes. It is based on a regular fountain pen principle, where the electrolytic solution is dispensed at a tip to locally modify a conductive surface by triggering a localized electrochemical reaction. Three simple model reactions were chosen to demonstrate the versatility of the EChemPen for teaching various electrochemical processes. We describe first the reversible writing/erasing of metal letters, then the electrodeposition of a black conducting polymer "ink", and finally the colorful writings that can be generated by titanium anodization and that can be controlled by the applied potential. These entertaining and didactic experiments are adapted for teaching undergraduate students that start to study electrochemistry by means of surface modification reactions.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Optimal Length of Low Reynolds Number Nanopropellers
Optimal Length of Low Reynolds Number Nanopropellers

Walker (Schamel), D., Kuebler, M., Morozov, K. I., Fischer, P., Leshansky, A. M.

Nano Letters, 15(7):4412-4416, June 2015 (article)

Abstract
Locomotion in fluids at the nanoscale is dominated by viscous drag. One efficient propulsion scheme is to use a weak rotating magnetic field that drives a chiral object. Froth bacterial flagella to artificial drills, the corkscrew is a universally useful chiral shape for propulsion in viscous environments. Externally powered magnetic micro- and nanomotors have been recently developed that allow for precise fuel-free propulsion in complex media. Here, we combine analytical and numerical theory with experiments on nanostructured screw-propellers to show that the optimal length is surprisingly short only about one helical turn, which is shorter than most of the structures in use to date. The results have important implications for the design of artificial actuated nano- and micropropellers and can dramatically reduce fabrication times, while ensuring optimal performance.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


A theoretical study of potentially observable chirality-sensitive NMR effects in molecules
A theoretical study of potentially observable chirality-sensitive NMR effects in molecules

Garbacz, P., Cukras, J., Jaszunski, M.

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17(35):22642-22651, May 2015 (article)

Abstract
Two recently predicted nuclear magnetic resonance effects, the chirality-induced rotating electric polarization and the oscillating magnetization, are examined for several experimentally available chiral molecules. We discuss in detail the requirements for experimental detection of chirality-sensitive NMR effects of the studied molecules. These requirements are related to two parameters: the shielding polarizability and the antisymmetric part of the nuclear magnetic shielding tensor. The dominant second contribution has been computed for small molecules at the coupled cluster and density functional theory levels. It was found that DFT calculations using the KT2 functional and the aug-cc-pCVTZ basis set adequately reproduce the CCSD(T) values obtained with the same basis set. The largest values of parameters, thus most promising from the experimental point of view, were obtained for the fluorine nuclei in 1,3-difluorocyclopropene and 1,3-diphenyl-2-fluoro-3-trifluoromethylcyclopropene.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Dynamic Inclusion Complexes of Metal Nanoparticles Inside Nanocups
Dynamic Inclusion Complexes of Metal Nanoparticles Inside Nanocups

Alarcon-Correa, M., Lee, T. C., Fischer, P.

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 54(23):6730-6734, May 2015, Featured cover article. (article)

Abstract
Host-guest inclusion complexes are abundant in molecular systems and of fundamental importance in living organisms. Realizing a colloidal analogue of a molecular dynamic inclusion complex is challenging because inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) with a well-defined cavity and portal are difficult to synthesize in high yield and with good structural fidelity. Herein, a generic strategy towards the fabrication of dynamic 1: 1 inclusion complexes of metal nanoparticles inside oxide nanocups with high yield (> 70%) and regiospecificity (> 90%) by means of a reactive double Janus nanoparticle intermediate is reported. Experimental evidence confirms that the inclusion complexes are formed by a kinetically controlled mechanism involving a delicate interplay between bipolar galvanic corrosion and alloying-dealloying oxidation. Release of the NP guest from the nanocups can be efficiently triggered by an external stimulus. Featured cover article.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Surface roughness-induced speed increase for active Janus micromotors
Surface roughness-induced speed increase for active Janus micromotors

Choudhury, U., Soler, L., Gibbs, J. G., Sanchez, S., Fischer, P.

Chem. Comm., 51(41):8660-8663, April 2015 (article)

Abstract
We demonstrate a simple physical fabrication method to control surface roughness of Janus micromotors and fabricate self-propelled active Janus microparticles with rough catalytic platinum surfaces that show a four-fold increase in their propulsion speed compared to conventional Janus particles coated with a smooth Pt layer.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Active colloidal microdrills
Active colloidal microdrills

Gibbs, J. G., Fischer, P.

Chem. Comm., 51(20):4192-4195, Febuary 2015 (article)

Abstract
We demonstrate a chemically driven, autonomous catalytic microdrill. An asymmetric distribution of catalyst causes the helical swimmer to twist while it undergoes directed propulsion. A driving torque and hydrodynamic coupling between translation and rotation at low Reynolds number leads to drill-like swimming behaviour.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Structures of simple liquids in contact with nanosculptured surfaces

Singh, S. L., Schimmele, L., Dietrich, S.

Physical Review E, 91(3), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Line contribution to the critical Casimir force between a homogeneous and a chemically stepped surface

Parisen Toldin, F., Tröndle, M., Dietrich, S.

Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 27(21), IOP Publishing, Bristol, UK, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Self-propulsion of a catalytically active particle near a planar wall: from reflection to sliding and hovering

Uspal, W. E., Popescu, M. N., Dietrich, S., Tasinkevych, M.

Soft Matter, 11(3):434-438, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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A size dependent evaluation of the cytotoxicity and uptake of nanographene oxide

Mendes, R. G., Koch, B., Bachmatiuk, A., Ma, X., Sanchez, S., Damm, C., Schmidt, O. G., Gemming, T., Eckert, J., Rümmeli, M. H.

Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 3(12):2522-2529, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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A bio-catalytically driven Janus mesoporous silica cluster motor with magnetic guidance

Ma, X., Sanchez, S.

Chemical Communications, 51(25):5467-5470, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Sperm Dynamics in Tubular Confinement

Magdanz, V., Koch, B., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Small, 11(7):781-785, Wiley Online Library, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Chromatic patchy particles: Effects of specific interactions on liquid structure

Vasilyev, O., Klumov, B. A., Tkachenko, A. V.

Physical Review E, 92(1), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Monte Carlo study of anisotropic scaling generated by disorder

Vasilyev, O., Berche, B., Dudka, M., Holovatch, Y.

Physical Review E, 92(4), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Fluctuations and diffusion in sheared athermal suspensions of deformable particles

Gross, M., Krüger, T., Varnik, F.

EPL, 108(6), IoPP, Bristol, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Enzyme-Powered Hollow Mesoporous Janus Nanomotors

Ma, Xing, Jannasch, Anita, Albrecht, Urban-Raphael, Hahn, Kersten, Miguel-Lopéz, Albert, Schäfer, Erik, Sanchez, Samuel

Nano Letters, 15(10):7043-7050, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Interaction between colloidal particles on an oil\textendashwater interface in dilute and dense phases

Parolini, L., Cicuta, A. D. P., Law, A. D., Maestro, A., Buzza, M. A.

Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 27(19), IOP Publishing, Bristol, UK, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Anomalous Magnetotransport in Disordered Structures: Classical Edge-State Percolation

Schirmacher, Walter, Fuchs, Benedikt, Höfling, Felix, Franosch, Thomas

Physical Review Letters, 115, American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Precise Localization and Control of Catalytic Janus Micromotors using Weak Magnetic Fields

Khalil, I. S., Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Misra, S.

International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, 12, InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Nano-photocatalysts in microfluidics, energy conversion and environmental applications

Parmar, J., Jang, S., Soler, L., Kim, D., Sánchez, S.

Lab on a Chip, 15(11):2352-2356, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Static dielectric properties of dense ionic fluids

Zarubin, G., Bier, M.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 142(18), American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y., 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Chemically Powered Micro-and Nanomotors

Sánchez, S., Soler, L., Katuri, J.

Angewandte Chemie, International Edition, 54(5):1414-1444, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2015 (article)

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[BibTex]


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Convergence of large-deviation estimators

Rohwer, C. M., Angeletti, F., Touchette, H.

Physical Review E, 92(5), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Geometrically Tuned Channel Permeability

Malgaretti, P., Pagonabarraga, I., Rubi, J. M.

Macromolecular Symposia, 357(1):178-188, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Fed. Rep. of Germany, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Critical Casimir forces between planar and crenellated surfaces

Troendle, M., Harnau, L., Dietrich, S.

Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 27(21), IOP Publishing, Bristol, UK, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Theory of rheology in confinement

Aerov, A. A., Krüger, M.

Physical Review E, 92(4), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Implications of interface conventions for morphometric thermodynamics

Reindl, A., Bier, M., Dietrich, S.

Physical Review E, 91(2), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Linked topological colloids in a nematic host

Martinez, A., Hermosillo, L., Tasinkevych, M., Smalyukh, I. I.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(15):4546-4551, National Academy of Sciences, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Colloidal spirals in nematic liquid crystals

Senyuk, B., Pandey, M.B., Liu, Q., Tasinkevych, M., Smalyukh, I. I.

Soft Matter, 11, pages: 8758-8767, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


Selectable Nanopattern Arrays for Nanolithographic Imprint and Etch-Mask Applications
Selectable Nanopattern Arrays for Nanolithographic Imprint and Etch-Mask Applications

Jeong, H. H., Mark, A. G., Lee, T., Son, K., Chen, W., Alarcon-Correa, M., Kim, I., Schütz, G., Fischer, P.

Adv. Science, 2(7):1500016, 2015, Featured cover article. (article)

Abstract
A parallel nanolithographic patterning method is presented that can be used to obtain arrays of multifunctional nanoparticles. These patterns can simply be converted into a variety of secondary nanopatterns that are useful for nanolithographic imprint, plasmonic, and etch-mask applications.

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Rheotaxis of spherical active particles near a planar wall

Uspal, W. E., Popescu, M. N., Dietrich, S., Tasinkevych, M.

Soft Matter, 11(33):6613-6632, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Applications of three-dimensional (3D) printing for microswimmers and bio-hybrid robotics

Stanton, M. M., Trichet-Paredes, C., Sanchez, S.

Lab on a Chip, 15(7):1634-1637, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Linear and nonlinear magnetic properties of ferrofluids

Szalai, I., Nagy, S., Dietrich, S.

Physical Review E, 92(4), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Microfluidic-Assisted Fabrication of Flexible and Location Traceable Organo-Motor

Seo, K. D., Kwak, B. K., Sanchez, S., Kim, D. S.

IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience, 14(3):298-304, IEEE, New York, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Tracer diffusion of hard-sphere binary mixtures under nano-confinement

Marconi, U., Malgaretti, P., Pagonabarraga, I.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 143(18), American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y., 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Fluctuating multicomponent lattice Boltzmann model

Belardinelli, D., Sbragaglia, M., Biferale, L., Gross, M., Varnik, F.

Physical Review E, 91(2), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Phase diagram of fluid phases in He3\textminusHe4 mixtures

Farahmand Bafi, N., Maciolek, A., Dietrich, S.

Physical Review E, 91(2), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Three-body critical Casimir forces

Gomes de Mattos, T., Harnau, L., Dietrich, S.

Physical Review E, 91(4), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Thermal and structural properties of ionic fluids

Bartsch, H., Dannenmann, O., Bier, M.

Physical Review E, 91(4), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Frenetic aspects of second order response

Basu, U., Krüger, M., Lazarescu, A., Maes, C.

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 17(9):6653-6666, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, England, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Critical Casimir forces in the presence of random surface fields

Maciolek, A., Vasilyev, O., Dotsenko, V., Dietrich, S.

Physical Review E, 91(3), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Lab-in-a-tube systems as ultra-compact devices

Sanchez, S.

Lab chip, (3):610-613, 2015 (article)

Abstract
{In this Focus article, I will give an overview on the current and future interests of our multidisciplinary research group. One of our main interests is to develop highly integrated on-chip components towards ultra-compact devices for biosensing technologies (lab-in-a-tube). Our other activities are focused in developing self-powered devices that can generate either motion of a fluid or autonomous propulsion. We are particularly interested in three-dimensional (3D) nanofabrication technologies and stimuli responsive soft materials.}

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Catalytic Mesoporous Janus Nanomotors for Active Cargo Delivery

Ma, X., Hahn, K., Sanchez, S.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137(15):4976-4979, ACS Publications, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Guest Editorial: Special Issue: Micro- and Nanomachines

Paxton, W., Sanchez, S., Nitta, T.

IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience, 14(3):258-259, IEEE, New York, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Self-Assembly via Microfluidics

Wang, L., Sanchez, S.

Lab on a Chip, 15(23):4383-4386, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Nonequilibrium interfacial tension during relaxation

Bier, M.

Physical Review E, 92(4), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Operator Formalism for Topology-Conserving Crossing Dynamics in Planar Knot Diagrams

Rohwer, C. M., Müller-Nedebock, K. K.

Journal of Statistical Physics, 159(1):120-157, Kluwer Academic Publishers [etc.], New York, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Nano and micro architectures for self-propelled motors

Parmar, Jemish, Ma, X., Katuri, Jaideep, Simmchen, Juliane, Stanton, Morgan, Trichet-Paredes, Carolina, Soler, Llu\’\is, Sanchez, Samuel

Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 16, IoPP, Bristol, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Critical Casimir forces for a particle between two planar walls

Vasilyev, O., Maciolek, A.

Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 407, pages: 376-383, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]