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2015


Automatic LQR Tuning Based on Gaussian Process Optimization: Early Experimental Results
Automatic LQR Tuning Based on Gaussian Process Optimization: Early Experimental Results

Marco, A., Hennig, P., Bohg, J., Schaal, S., Trimpe, S.

Machine Learning in Planning and Control of Robot Motion Workshop at the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (iROS), pages: , , Machine Learning in Planning and Control of Robot Motion Workshop, October 2015 (conference)

Abstract
This paper proposes an automatic controller tuning framework based on linear optimal control combined with Bayesian optimization. With this framework, an initial set of controller gains is automatically improved according to a pre-defined performance objective evaluated from experimental data. The underlying Bayesian optimization algorithm is Entropy Search, which represents the latent objective as a Gaussian process and constructs an explicit belief over the location of the objective minimum. This is used to maximize the information gain from each experimental evaluation. Thus, this framework shall yield improved controllers with fewer evaluations compared to alternative approaches. A seven-degree-of-freedom robot arm balancing an inverted pole is used as the experimental demonstrator. Preliminary results of a low-dimensional tuning problem highlight the method’s potential for automatic controller tuning on robotic platforms.

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PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]

2015


PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Assessing human-human therapy kinematics for retargeting to human-robot therapy

Johnson, M. J., Christopher, S. M., Mohan, M., Mendonca, R.

In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics (ICORR), Singapore, August 2015 (inproceedings)

Abstract
In this paper, we present experiments examining the accuracy of data collected from a Kinect sensor for capturing close interactive actions of a therapist with a patient during stroke rehabilitation. Our long-term goal is to map human-human interactions such as these patient-therapist ones onto human-robot interactions. In many robot interaction scenarios, the robot does not mimic interaction between two or more humans, which is a major part of stroke therapy. The Kinect works for functional tasks such as a reaching task where the interaction to be retargeted by the robot is minimal to none; though this data is not good for a functional task involving touching another person. We demonstrate that the noisy data from Kinect does not produce a system robust enough to be for remapping to a humanoid robot a therapit's movements when in contact with a person.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Direct Loss Minimization Inverse Optimal Control
Direct Loss Minimization Inverse Optimal Control

Doerr, A., Ratliff, N., Bohg, J., Toussaint, M., Schaal, S.

In Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems, Rome, Italy, Robotics: Science and Systems XI, July 2015 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Inverse Optimal Control (IOC) has strongly impacted the systems engineering process, enabling automated planner tuning through straightforward and intuitive demonstration. The most successful and established applications, though, have been in lower dimensional problems such as navigation planning where exact optimal planning or control is feasible. In higher dimensional systems, such as humanoid robots, research has made substantial progress toward generalizing the ideas to model free or locally optimal settings, but these systems are complicated to the point where demonstration itself can be difficult. Typically, real-world applications are restricted to at best noisy or even partial or incomplete demonstrations that prove cumbersome in existing frameworks. This work derives a very flexible method of IOC based on a form of Structured Prediction known as Direct Loss Minimization. The resulting algorithm is essentially Policy Search on a reward function that rewards similarity to demonstrated behavior (using Covariance Matrix Adaptation (CMA) in our experiments). Our framework blurs the distinction between IOC, other forms of Imitation Learning, and Reinforcement Learning, enabling us to derive simple, versatile, and practical algorithms that blend imitation and reinforcement signals into a unified framework. Our experiments analyze various aspects of its performance and demonstrate its efficacy on conveying preferences for motion shaping and combined reach and grasp quality optimization.

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PDF Video Project Page [BibTex]

PDF Video Project Page [BibTex]


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LMI-Based Synthesis for Distributed Event-Based State Estimation

Muehlebach, M., Trimpe, S.

In Proceedings of the American Control Conference, July 2015 (inproceedings)

Abstract
This paper presents an LMI-based synthesis procedure for distributed event-based state estimation. Multiple agents observe and control a dynamic process by sporadically exchanging data over a broadcast network according to an event-based protocol. In previous work [1], the synthesis of event-based state estimators is based on a centralized design. In that case three different types of communication are required: event-based communication of measurements, periodic reset of all estimates to their joint average, and communication of inputs. The proposed synthesis problem eliminates the communication of inputs as well as the periodic resets (under favorable circumstances) by accounting explicitly for the distributed structure of the control system.

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PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]

PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Guaranteed H2 Performance in Distributed Event-Based State Estimation

Muehlebach, M., Trimpe, S.

In Proceeding of the First International Conference on Event-based Control, Communication, and Signal Processing, June 2015 (inproceedings)

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PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]

PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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On the Choice of the Event Trigger in Event-based Estimation

Trimpe, S., Campi, M.

In Proceeding of the First International Conference on Event-based Control, Communication, and Signal Processing, June 2015 (inproceedings)

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PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]

PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Toward a large-scale visuo-haptic dataset for robotic learning

Burka, A., Hu, S., Krishnan, S., Kuchenbecker, K. J., Hendricks, L. A., Gao, Y., Darrell, T.

In Proc. CVPR Workshop on the Future of Datasets in Vision, 2015 (inproceedings)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Detecting Lumps in Simulated Tissue via Palpation with a BioTac

Hui, J., Block, A., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conference, 2015, Work-in-progress paper. Poster presentation given by Hui (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Analysis of the Instrument Vibrations and Contact Forces Caused by an Expert Robotic Surgeon Doing FRS Tasks

Brown, J. D., O’Brien, C., Miyasaka, K., Dumon, K. R., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. Hamlyn Symposium on Medical Robotics, pages: 75-76, London, England, June 2015, Poster presentation given by Brown (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Should Haptic Texture Vibrations Respond to User Force and Speed?

Culbertson, H., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In IEEE World Haptics Conference, pages: 106 - 112, Evanston, Illinois, USA, June 2015, Oral presentation given by Culbertson (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Enabling the Baxter Robot to Play Hand-Clapping Games

Fitter, N. T., Neuburger, M., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conference, June 2015, Work-in-progress paper. Poster presentation given by Fitter (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Event-based Estimation and Control for Remote Robot Operation with Reduced Communication

Trimpe, S., Buchli, J.

In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, May 2015 (inproceedings)

Abstract
An event-based communication framework for remote operation of a robot via a bandwidth-limited network is proposed. The robot sends state and environment estimation data to the operator, and the operator transmits updated control commands or policies to the robot. Event-based communication protocols are designed to ensure that data is transmitted only when required: the robot sends new estimation data only if this yields a significant information gain at the operator, and the operator transmits an updated control policy only if this comes with a significant improvement in control performance. The developed framework is modular and can be used with any standard estimation and control algorithms. Simulation results of a robotic arm highlight its potential for an efficient use of limited communication resources, for example, in disaster response scenarios such as the DARPA Robotics Challenge.

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PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]

PDF DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Lernende Roboter

Trimpe, S.

In Jahrbuch der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Max Planck Society, May 2015, (popular science article in German) (inbook)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Using IMU Data to Teach a Robot Hand-Clapping Games

Fitter, N. T., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE Haptics Symposium, pages: 353-355, April 2015, Work-in-progress paper. Poster presentation given by Fitter (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Haptic Feedback in Transoral Robotic Surgery: A Feasibility Study

Bur, A. M., Gomez, E. D., Rassekh, C. H., Newman, J. G., Weinstein, G. S., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. Annual Meeting of the Triological Society at COSM, April 2015, Poster presentation given by Bur (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Human Machine Interface for Dexto Eka: - The humanoid robot

Kumra, S., Mohan, M., Gupta, S., Vaswani, H.

In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics, Automation, Control and Embedded Systems (RACE), Chennai, India, Febuary 2015 (inproceedings)

Abstract
This paper illustrates hybrid control system of the humanoid robot, Dexto:Eka: focusing on the dependent or slave mode. Efficiency of any system depends on the fluid operation of its control system. Here, we elucidate the control of 12 DoF robotic arms and an omnidirectional mecanum wheel drive using an exo-frame, and a Graphical User Interface (GUI) and a control column. This paper comprises of algorithms, control mechanisms and overall flow of execution for the regulation of robotic arms, graphical user interface and locomotion.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Conception and development of Dexto:Eka: The Humanoid Robot - Part IV

Kumra, S., Mohan, M., Vaswani, H., Gupta, S.

In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics, Automation, Control and Embedded Systems (RACE), Febuary 2015 (inproceedings)

Abstract
This paper elucidates the fourth phase of the development of `Dexto:Eka: - The Humanoid Robot'. It lays special emphasis on the conception of the locomotion drive and the development of vision based system that aids navigation and tele-operation. The first three phases terminated with the completion of two robotic arms with six degrees of freedom each, structural development and the creation of a human machine interface that included an exo-frame, a control column and a graphical user interface. This phase also involved the enhancement of the exo-frame to a vision based system using a Kinect camera. The paper also focuses on the reasons behind choosing the locomotion drive and the benefits it has.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Design and Validation of a Practical Simulator for Transoral Robotic Surgery

Bur, A. M., Gomez, E. D., Chalian, A. A., Newman, J. G., Weinstein, G. S., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. Society for Robotic Surgery Annual Meeting: Transoral Program, (T8), February 2015, Oral presentation given by Bur (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A New Perspective and Extension of the Gaussian Filter

Wüthrich, M., Trimpe, S., Kappler, D., Schaal, S.

In Robotics: Science and Systems, 2015 (inproceedings)

Abstract
The Gaussian Filter (GF) is one of the most widely used filtering algorithms; instances are the Extended Kalman Filter, the Unscented Kalman Filter and the Divided Difference Filter. GFs represent the belief of the current state by a Gaussian with the mean being an affine function of the measurement. We show that this representation can be too restrictive to accurately capture the dependencies in systems with nonlinear observation models, and we investigate how the GF can be generalized to alleviate this problem. To this end we view the GF from a variational-inference perspective, and analyze how restrictions on the form of the belief can be relaxed while maintaining simplicity and efficiency. This analysis provides a basis for generalizations of the GF. We propose one such generalization which coincides with a GF using a virtual measurement, obtained by applying a nonlinear function to the actual measurement. Numerical experiments show that the proposed Feature Gaussian Filter (FGF) can have a substantial performance advantage over the standard GF for systems with nonlinear observation models.

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Web PDF Project Page [BibTex]

2014


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Automatic Skill Evaluation for a Needle Passing Task in Robotic Surgery

Leung, S., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IROS Workshop on the Role of Human Sensorimotor Control in Robotic Surgery, Chicago, Illinois, sep 2014, Poster presentation given by Kuchenbecker. Best Poster Award (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

2014


[BibTex]


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A Data-driven Approach to Remote Tactile Interaction: From a BioTac Sensor to Any Fingertip Cutaneous Device

Pacchierotti, C., Prattichizzo, D., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Haptics: Neuroscience, Devices, Modeling, and Applications, Proc. EuroHaptics, Part I, 8618, pages: 418-424, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, June 2014, Poster presentation given by Pacchierotti in Versailles, France (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Evaluating the BioTac’s Ability to Detect and Characterize Lumps in Simulated Tissue

Hui, J. C. T., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Haptics: Neuroscience, Devices, Modeling, and Applications, Proc. EuroHaptics, Part II, 8619, pages: 295-302, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, June 2014, Poster presentation given by Hui in Versailles, France (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Analyzing Human High-Fives to Create an Effective High-Fiving Robot

Fitter, N. T., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI), pages: 156-157, Bielefeld, Germany, March 2014, Poster presentation given by Fitter (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Dynamic Modeling and Control of Voice-Coil Actuators for High-Fidelity Display of Haptic Vibrations

McMahan, W., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE Haptics Symposium, pages: 115-122, Houston, Texas, USA, February 2014, Oral presentation given by Kuchenbecker (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A Wearable Device for Controlling a Robot Gripper With Fingertip Contact, Pressure, Vibrotactile, and Grip Force Feedback

Pierce, R. M., Fedalei, E. A., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE Haptics Symposium, pages: 19-25, Houston, Texas, USA, February 2014, Oral presentation given by Pierce (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Methods for Robotic Tool-Mediated Haptic Surface Recognition

Romano, J. M., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE Haptics Symposium, pages: 49-56, Houston, Texas, USA, February 2014, Oral presentation given by Kuchenbecker. Finalist for Best Paper Award (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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One Hundred Data-Driven Haptic Texture Models and Open-Source Methods for Rendering on 3D Objects

Culbertson, H., Delgado, J. J. L., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE Haptics Symposium, pages: 319-325, Houston, Texas, USA, February 2014, Poster presentation given by Culbertson. Finalist for Best Poster Award (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A Self-Tuning LQR Approach Demonstrated on an Inverted Pendulum

Trimpe, S., Millane, A., Doessegger, S., D’Andrea, R.

In Proceedings of the 19th IFAC World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa, 2014 (inproceedings)

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PDF Supplementary material DOI [BibTex]

PDF Supplementary material DOI [BibTex]


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Cutaneous Feedback of Planar Fingertip Deformation and Vibration on a da Vinci Surgical Robot

Pacchierotti, C., Shirsat, P., Koehn, J. K., Prattichizzo, D., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IROS Workshop on the Role of Human Sensorimotor Control in Robotic Surgery, Chicago, Illinois, 2014, Poster presentation given by Koehn (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Stability Analysis of Distributed Event-Based State Estimation

Trimpe, S.

In Proceedings of the 53rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Los Angeles, CA, 2014 (inproceedings)

Abstract
An approach for distributed and event-based state estimation that was proposed in previous work [1] is analyzed and extended to practical networked systems in this paper. Multiple sensor-actuator-agents observe a dynamic process, sporadically exchange their measurements over a broadcast network according to an event-based protocol, and estimate the process state from the received data. The event-based approach was shown in [1] to mimic a centralized Luenberger observer up to guaranteed bounds, under the assumption of identical estimates on all agents. This assumption, however, is unrealistic (it is violated by a single packet drop or slight numerical inaccuracy) and removed herein. By means of a simulation example, it is shown that non-identical estimates can actually destabilize the overall system. To achieve stability, the event-based communication scheme is supplemented by periodic (but infrequent) exchange of the agentsâ?? estimates and reset to their joint average. When the local estimates are used for feedback control, the stability guarantee for the estimation problem extends to the event-based control system.

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PDF Supplementary material DOI Project Page [BibTex]

PDF Supplementary material DOI Project Page [BibTex]

2009


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Image-Enabled Force Feedback for Robotic Teleoperation of a Flexible Tool

Lindsey, Q., Tenenholtz, N., Lee, D. I., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IASTED International Conference on Robotics and Applications, pages: 224-233, Boston, Massachusetts, November 2009, Oral presentation given by Lindsey (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

2009


[BibTex]


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GPU Methods for Real-Time Haptic Interaction with 3D Fluids

Yang, M., Lu, J., Safonova, A., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE International Workshop on Haptic Audio-Visual Environments and Games, pages: 24-29, Lecco, Italy, November 2009, Oral presentation given by Kuchenbecker (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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The AirWand: Design and Characterization of a Large-Workspace Haptic Device

Romano, J. M., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, pages: 1461-1466, Kobe, Japan, May 2009, Oral presentation given by \uline{Romano} (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Stiffness Discrimination with Visual and Proprioceptive Cues

Gurari, N., Kuchenbecker, K. J., Okamura, A. M.

In Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conference, pages: 121-126, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, March 2009, Poster presentation given by Gurari (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Toward Tactilely Transparent Gloves: Collocated Slip Sensing and Vibrotactile Actuation

Romano, J. M., Gray, S. R., Jacobs, N. T., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conference, pages: 279-284, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, March 2009, Poster presentation given by Romano, Gray, and Jacobs (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A High-Fidelity Ungrounded Torque Feedback Device: The iTorqU 2.0

Winfree, K. N., Gewirtz, J., Mather, T., Fiene, J., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conference, pages: 261-266, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, March 2009, Poster presentation given by Winfree and Gewirtz (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Real-Time Graphic and Haptic Simulation of Deformable Tissue Puncture

Romano, J. M., Safonova, A., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. Medicine Meets Virtual Reality, Long Beach, California, USA, January 2009, Poster presentation given by Romano (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A Limiting Property of the Matrix Exponential with Application to Multi-loop Control

Trimpe, S., D’Andrea, R.

In Proceedings of the Joint 48th IEEE Conference on Decision (CDC) and Control and 28th Chinese Control Conference, 2009 (inproceedings)

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PDF DOI [BibTex]

PDF DOI [BibTex]


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Haptic Display of Realistic Tool Contact Via Dynamically Compensated Control of a Dedicated Actuator

McMahan, W., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages: 3171-3177, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 2009, Oral presentation given by McMahan (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]

2007


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The power of external mentors for women pursuing academic careers in engineering and science: Stories of MentorNet ACE and its Proteges and Mentors

Muller, C. B., Smith, E. H. B., Chou-Green, J., Daniels-Race, T., Drummond, A., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. Women in Engineering Programs and Advocates Network (WEPAN) National Conference, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, June 2007, Oral presentation given by Muller (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

2007


[BibTex]


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Effects of Visual and Proprioceptive Position Feedback on Human Control of Targeted Movement

Kuchenbecker, K. J., Gurari, N., Okamura, A. M.

In Proc. IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, pages: 513-524, Noordwijk, Netherlands, June 2007, Oral and poster presentations given by Kuchenbecker (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Quantifying the value of visual and haptic position feedback in force-based motion control

Kuchenbecker, K. J., Gurari, N., Okamura, A. M.

In Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conference, pages: 561-562, Tsukuba, Japan, March 2007, Poster presentation given by Kuchenbecker (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Shaping event-based haptic transients via an improved understanding of real contact dynamics

Fiene, J. P., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE World Haptics Conference, pages: 170-175, Tsukuba, Japan, March 2007, Oral presentation given by Fiene. {B}est Haptic Technology Paper Award (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Less Conservative Polytopic LPV Models for Charge Control by Combining Parameter Set Mapping and Set Intersection

Kwiatkowski, A., Trimpe, S., Werner, H.

In Proceedings of the 46th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2007 (inproceedings)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]