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2018


Deep Reinforcement Learning for Event-Triggered Control
Deep Reinforcement Learning for Event-Triggered Control

Baumann, D., Zhu, J., Martius, G., Trimpe, S.

In Proceedings of the 57th IEEE International Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), pages: 943-950, 57th IEEE International Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), December 2018 (inproceedings)

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arXiv PDF DOI Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

2018


arXiv PDF DOI Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


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L4: Practical loss-based stepsize adaptation for deep learning

Rolinek, M., Martius, G.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 31 (NeurIPS 2018), pages: 6434-6444, (Editors: S. Bengio and H. Wallach and H. Larochelle and K. Grauman and N. Cesa-Bianchi and R. Garnett), Curran Associates, Inc., 2018 (inproceedings)

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Github link (url) Project Page [BibTex]

Github link (url) Project Page [BibTex]


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Pattern forming systems under confinement

Maihöfer, Michael

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Effective interactions between colloidal particles in critical solvents

Labbe-Laurent, M.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (phdthesis)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


Systematic self-exploration of behaviors for robots in a dynamical systems framework
Systematic self-exploration of behaviors for robots in a dynamical systems framework

Pinneri, C., Martius, G.

In Proc. Artificial Life XI, pages: 319-326, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2018 (inproceedings)

Abstract
One of the challenges of this century is to understand the neural mechanisms behind cognitive control and learning. Recent investigations propose biologically plausible synaptic mechanisms for self-organizing controllers, in the spirit of Hebbian learning. In particular, differential extrinsic plasticity (DEP) [Der and Martius, PNAS 2015], has proven to enable embodied agents to self-organize their individual sensorimotor development, and generate highly coordinated behaviors during their interaction with the environment. These behaviors are attractors of a dynamical system. In this paper, we use the DEP rule to generate attractors and we combine it with a “repelling potential” which allows the system to actively explore all its attractor behaviors in a systematic way. With a view to a self-determined exploration of goal-free behaviors, our framework enables switching between different motion patterns in an autonomous and sequential fashion. Our algorithm is able to recover all the attractor behaviors in a toy system and it is also effective in two simulated environments. A spherical robot discovers all its major rolling modes and a hexapod robot learns to locomote in 50 different ways in 30min.

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link (url) DOI Project Page [BibTex]

link (url) DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Non-equilibrium dynamics of a binary solvent around heated colloidal particles

Wilke, Moritz

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Monte Carlo study of colloidal structure formation at fluid interfaces

Meiler, Tim

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Electrolyte solutions and simple fluids at curved walls

Reindl, A.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (phdthesis)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


Learning equations for extrapolation and control
Learning equations for extrapolation and control

Sahoo, S. S., Lampert, C. H., Martius, G.

In Proc. 35th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2018, Stockholm, Sweden, 2018, 80, pages: 4442-4450, http://proceedings.mlr.press/v80/sahoo18a/sahoo18a.pdf, (Editors: Dy, Jennifer and Krause, Andreas), PMLR, 2018 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We present an approach to identify concise equations from data using a shallow neural network approach. In contrast to ordinary black-box regression, this approach allows understanding functional relations and generalizing them from observed data to unseen parts of the parameter space. We show how to extend the class of learnable equations for a recently proposed equation learning network to include divisions, and we improve the learning and model selection strategy to be useful for challenging real-world data. For systems governed by analytical expressions, our method can in many cases identify the true underlying equation and extrapolate to unseen domains. We demonstrate its effectiveness by experiments on a cart-pendulum system, where only 2 random rollouts are required to learn the forward dynamics and successfully achieve the swing-up task.

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Code Arxiv Poster Slides link (url) Project Page [BibTex]

Code Arxiv Poster Slides link (url) Project Page [BibTex]


Robust Affordable 3D Haptic Sensation via Learning Deformation Patterns
Robust Affordable 3D Haptic Sensation via Learning Deformation Patterns

Sun, H., Martius, G.

Proceedings International Conference on Humanoid Robots, pages: 846-853, IEEE, New York, NY, USA, 2018 IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, 2018, Oral Presentation (conference)

Abstract
Haptic sensation is an important modality for interacting with the real world. This paper proposes a general framework of inferring haptic forces on the surface of a 3D structure from internal deformations using a small number of physical sensors instead of employing dense sensor arrays. Using machine learning techniques, we optimize the sensor number and their placement and are able to obtain high-precision force inference for a robotic limb using as few as 9 sensors. For the optimal and sparse placement of the measurement units (strain gauges), we employ data-driven methods based on data obtained by finite element simulation. We compare data-driven approaches with model-based methods relying on geometric distance and information criteria such as Entropy and Mutual Information. We validate our approach on a modified limb of the “Poppy” robot [1] and obtain 8 mm localization precision.

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DOI Project Page [BibTex]

DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Surface structure of liquid crystals

Sattler, Alexander

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Dynamics of an active particle in confined viscous flows

Pöhnl, Ruben

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Electrostatic interaction between colloids with constant surface potentials at fluid interfaces

Bebon, Rick

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]

2015


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Fluctuational electrodynamics for nonlinear media

Soo, H.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2015 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

2015


[BibTex]


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Evaporation and growth of liquid drops

Pöhnl, Ruben

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2015 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]

2014


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Wetting phenomena in electrolyte solutions

Ibagon, I.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

2014


link (url) [BibTex]


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Tubular micro- nanorobots: smart design for bio-related applications

Sanchez, S., Wang, X., Solovev, A. A., Soler, L., Magdanz, V., Schmidt, O. G.

In Small-Scale Robotics, 8336, pages: 16-27, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Karlsruhe, 2014 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We designed microrobots in the form of autonomous and remotely guided microtubes. One of the challenges at small scales is the effective conversion of energy into mechanical force to overcome the high viscosity of the fluid at low Reynolds numbers. This can be achieved by integration of catalytic nano-materials and processes to decompose chemical fuels. However, up to now, mostly hydrogen peroxide has been employed as a fuel which renders the potential applications in biomedicine and in vivo experiments. Therefore, other sources of energy to achieve motion at the micro- nanoscale are highly sought-after. Here, we present different types of tubular micro- and nanorobots, alternative approaches to toxic fuels and also, steps towards the use of tubular microrobots as micro- and nanotools

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Cosmology in a petri dish? Simulation of collective dynamics of colloids at fluid interfaces

Bleibel, J.

In EPJ Web of Conferences, 70, EDP Sciences, 2014 (inproceedings)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Trajectory to trajectory fluctuations in first-passage phenomena in bounded domains

Mattos, Thiago G., Mejia-Monasterio, Carlos, Metzler, Ralf, Oshanin, Gleb, Schehr, G.

In First-passage phenomena and their applications, pages: 203-225, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2014 (incollection)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Dynamik einer fast-kritischen binären Flüssigkeit in zwei Dimensionen

Maisch, J.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Brownsche Bewegung schraubenförmiger Nanoteilchen

Gehrmann, C.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Self-Exploration of the Stumpy Robot with Predictive Information Maximization

Martius, G., Jahn, L., Hauser, H., V. Hafner, V.

In Proc. From Animals to Animats, SAB 2014, 8575, pages: 32-42, LNCS, Springer, 2014 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Electromagnetic self-propulsion for small objects in the near field

Müller, Boris

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Robot Learning by Guided Self-Organization

Martius, G., Der, R., Herrmann, J. M.

In Guided Self-Organization: Inception, 9, pages: 223-260, Emergence, Complexity and Computation, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014 (incollection)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Thermal and structural properties of dense ionic liquids

Bartsch, Hendrik

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]

2010


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Nanofluidics of thin liquid films

Rauscher, M., Dietrich, S.

In Handbook of Nanophysics, Principles and Methods, 1, pages: 11-1-11-23, Handbook of Nanophysics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2010 (incollection)

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[BibTex]

2010


[BibTex]


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Dynamics of complex fluids at liquid-solid interfaces

Almenar Egea, L.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2010 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Nanotropfen an Stufen

Maier, D.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2010 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Critical Casimir forces involving a chemically structured substrate

Parisen Toldin, F., Dietrich, S.

In International Journal of Modern Physics, 25, pages: 355-359, University of Oklahoma, USA, 2010 (inproceedings)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Untersuchung der kritischen Adsorption an kolloidalen Teilchen mit Hilfe von Streutechniken

Slupina, C.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2010 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Dynamics of nanoscopic capillary waves

Mecke, K., Falk, K., Rauscher, M.

In Nonlinear Dynamics of Nanosystems, pages: 121-142, Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2010 (incollection)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Critical Casimir interaction between a cylindrical particle and a chemically structured substrate

Labbe-Laurent, M.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2010 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Capillary interactions between colloidal particles at curved fluid interfaces

Guzowski, J.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2010 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Goal-Oriented Control of Self-Organizing Behavior in Autonomous Robots

Martius, G.

Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 2010 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]


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Taming the Beast: Guided Self-organization of Behavior in Autonomous Robots

Martius, G., Herrmann, J. M.

In From Animals to Animats 11, 6226, pages: 50-61, LNCS, Springer, 2010 (incollection)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

2007


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Inhomogeneous platelets and rod fluids

Harnau, L., Dietrich, S.

In Soft Matter, Vol. 3, pages: 156-311, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2007 (incollection)

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[BibTex]

2007


[BibTex]


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Phase behavior and effective interactions in colloidal suspensions

Grodon, C.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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The effect of capillary forces on adhesion of biological and artificial attachment devices

De Souza, E. J.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Brownian dynamics in near surface flows

Almenar Egea, L.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (mastersthesis)

icm

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Single lamella crystals of polyethylene accessible by catalytic emulsion-polymerization

Weber, C. H. M., Chiche, A., Krausch, G., Rosenfeldt, S., Ballauff, M., Goettker-Schnetmann, I., Tong, Q., Mecking, S., Harnau, L.

In Polymeric Materials: Science \& Engineering, 97, pages: 133-134, 2007 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Guided Self-organisation for Autonomous Robot Development

Martius, G., Herrmann, J. M., Der, R.

In Advances in Artificial Life 9th European Conference, ECAL 2007, 4648, pages: 766-775, LNCS, Springer, 2007 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]