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Schema-related cognitive load influences performance, speech, and physiology in a dual-task setting: A continuous multi-measure approach

2018

Article

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Schema acquisition processes comprise an essential source of cognitive demands in learning situations. To shed light on related mechanisms and influencing factors, this study applied a continuous multi-measure approach for cognitive load assessment. In a dual-task setting, a sample of 123 student participants learned visually presented symbol combinations with one of two levels of complexity while memorizing auditorily presented number sequences. Learners’ cognitive load during the learning task was addressed by secondary task performance, prosodic speech parameters (pauses, articulation rate), and physiological markers (heart rate, skin conductance response). While results revealed increasing primary and secondary task performance over the trials, decreases in speech and physiological parameters indicated a reduction in the overall level of cognitive load with task progression. In addition, the robustness of the acquired schemata was confirmed by a transfer task that required participants to apply the obtained symbol combinations. Taken together, the observed pattern of evidence supports the idea of a logarithmically decreasing progression of cognitive load with increasing schema acquisition, and further hints on robust and stable transfer performance, even under enhanced transfer demands. Finally, theoretical and practical consequences consider evidence on desirable difficulties in learning as well as the potential of multimodal cognitive load detection in learning applications.

Author(s): Wirzberger, Maria and Herms, Robert and Esmaeili Bijarsari, Shirin and Eibl, Maximilian and Rey, Günter Daniel
Journal: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
Volume: 3:46
Year: 2018
Publisher: Springer Nature

Department(s): Rationality Enhancement
Bibtex Type: Article (article)

DOI: 10.1186/s41235-018-0138-z

BibTex

@article{Wirzberger2018Schema,
  title = {Schema-related cognitive load influences performance, speech, and physiology in a dual-task setting: {A} continuous multi-measure approach},
  author = {Wirzberger, Maria and Herms, Robert and Esmaeili Bijarsari, Shirin and Eibl, Maximilian and Rey, G{\"u}nter Daniel},
  journal = {Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications},
  volume = {3:46},
  publisher = {Springer Nature},
  year = {2018}
}