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EEG Channel Selection for Brain Computer Interface Systems Based on Support Vector Methods

2004

Poster

ei


A Brain Computer Interface (BCI) system allows the direct interpretation of brain activity patterns (e.g. EEG signals) by a computer. Typical BCI applications comprise spelling aids or environmental control systems supporting paralyzed patients that have lost motor control completely. The design of an EEG based BCI system requires good answers for the problem of selecting useful features during the performance of a mental task as well as for the problem of classifying these features. For the special case of choosing appropriate EEG channels from several available channels, we propose the application of variants of the Support Vector Machine (SVM) for both problems. Although these algorithms do not rely on prior knowledge they can provide more accurate solutions than standard lter methods [1] for feature selection which usually incorporate prior knowledge about neural activity patterns during the performed mental tasks. For judging the importance of features we introduce a new relevance measure and apply it to EEG channels. Although we base the relevance measure for this purpose on the previously introduced algorithms, it does in general not depend on specic algorithms but can be derived using arbitrary combinations of feature selectors and classifiers.

Author(s): Schröder, M. and Lal, TN. and Bogdan, M. and Schölkopf, B.
Volume: 7
Pages: 50
Year: 2004
Month: February
Day: 0
Editors: B{\"u}lthoff, H.H., H.A. Mallot, R. Ulrich and F.A. Wichmann

Department(s): Empirische Inferenz
Bibtex Type: Poster (poster)

Digital: 0
Event Name: 7th T{\"u}bingen Perception Conference (TWK 2004)
Event Place: T{\"u}bingen, Germany
Organization: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
School: Biologische Kybernetik

Links: Web

BibTex

@poster{2539,
  title = {EEG Channel Selection for Brain Computer Interface Systems Based on Support Vector Methods},
  author = {Schr{\"o}der, M. and Lal, TN. and Bogdan, M. and Sch{\"o}lkopf, B.},
  volume = {7},
  pages = {50},
  editors = {B{\"u}lthoff, H.H., H.A. Mallot, R. Ulrich and F.A. Wichmann},
  organization = {Max-Planck-Gesellschaft},
  school = {Biologische Kybernetik},
  month = feb,
  year = {2004},
  month_numeric = {2}
}