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2013


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Fragmentation of Slow Wave Sleep after Onset of Complete Locked-In State

Soekadar, S. R., Born, J., Birbaumer, N., Bensch, M., Halder, S., Murguialday, A. R., Gharabaghi, A., Nijboer, F., Schölkopf, B., Martens, S.

Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 9(9):951-953, 2013 (article)

ei

DOI [BibTex]

2013


DOI [BibTex]


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Plasmonic nanohelix metamaterials with tailorable giant circular dichroism

Gibbs, J. G., Mark, A. G., Eslami, S., Fischer, P.

APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 103(21), 2013, Featured cover article. (article)

Abstract
Plasmonic nanohelix arrays are shown to interact with electromagnetic fields in ways not typically seen with ordinary matter. Chiral metamaterials (CMMs) with feature sizes small with respect to the wavelength of visible light are a promising route to experimentally achieve such phenomena as negative refraction without the need for simultaneously negative e and mu. Here we not only show that giant circular dichroism in the visible is achievable with hexagonally arranged plasmonic nanohelix arrays, but that we can precisely tune the optical activity via morphology and lattice spacing. The discrete dipole approximation is implemented to support experimental data. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

Featured cover article.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Automatic Malaria Diagnosis system

Mehrjou, A., Abbasian, T., Izadi, M.

In First RSI/ISM International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics (ICRoM), pages: 205-211, 2013 (inproceedings)

ei

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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AGILITY – Dynamic Full Body Locomotion and Manipulation with Autonomous Legged Robots

Hutter, M., Bloesch, M., Buchli, J., Semini, C., Bazeille, S., Righetti, L., Bohg, J.

In 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security, and Rescue Robotics (SSRR), pages: 1-4, IEEE, Linköping, Sweden, 2013 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Quantum cryo-sieving for hydrogen isotope separation in microporous frameworks: an experimental study on the correlation between effective quantum sieving and pore size

Oh, H., Park, K. S., Kalidindi, S. B., Fischer, R. A., Hirscher, M.

{Journal of Materials Chemistry A}, 1, pages: 3244-3248, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Intention Inference and Decision Making with Hierarchical Gaussian Process Dynamics Models

Wang, Z.

Technical University Darmstadt, Germany, 2013 (phdthesis)

ei

[BibTex]


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Angular Motion Control Using a Closed-Loop CPG for a Water-Running Robot

Thatte, N., Khoramshahi, M., Ijspeert, A., Sitti, M.

In Dynamic Walking 2013, (EPFL-CONF-199763), 2013 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Two-dimensional magnetic micro-module reconfigurations based on inter-modular interactions

Miyashita, S., Diller, E., Sitti, M.

The International Journal of Robotics Research, 32(5):591-613, SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2013 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Contact compliance effects in the frictional response of bioinspired fibrillar adhesives

Piccardo, M., Chateauminois, A., Fretigny, C., Pugno, N. M., Sitti, M.

Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 10(83):20130182, The Royal Society, 2013 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Co-chairs

VINCENT, Julian, ZHU, Di, DAI, Zhendong, CHEN, Da, JIANG, Lei, KANG, Le, REN, Luquan, XUE, Qunji, Zhao, Chunsheng, BARNES, Jon, others

2013 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Gold nanocrystals in high-temperature superconducting films: creation of pinning patterns of choice

Katzer, C., Stahl, C., Michalowski, P., Treiber, S., Schmidl, F., Seidel, P., Albrecht, J., Schütz, G.

{New Journal of Physics}, 15(11), Institute of Physics Pub., Bristol, UK, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Theory of scattering of crystal electrons at magnons

Haag, Michael, Illg, C., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, Published by the American Physical Society through the American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, NYAmerican Institute of Physics, Woodbury, NY, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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The effect of magnetocrystalline anisotropy on the domain structure of patterned Fe2CrSi Heusler alloy thin films

Miyawaki, T., Foerster, M., Finizio, S., Vaz, C. A. F., Mawass, M.-A., Inagaki, K., Fukatani, N., Le Guyader, L., Nolting, F., Ueda, K., Asano, H., Kläui, M.

{Journal of Applied Physcis}, 114(7), American Institute of Physics, New York, NY, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ion beam lithography for Fresnel zone plates in X-ray microscopy

Keskinbora, K., Grévent, C., Bechtel, M., Weigand, M., Goering, E., Nadzeyka, A., Lloyd, P., Rehbein, S., Schneider, G., Follath, R., Vila-Comamala, J., Yan, H., Schütz, G.

{Optics Express}, 21(10):11747-11756, Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Is the angular momentum of a ferromagnetic sample after exposure to a fs laser pulse conserved?

Fähnle, M., Haag, M., Illg, C.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 347, pages: 45-46, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Grain boundaries as the controlling factor for the ferromagnetic behaviour of Co-doped ZnO

Straumal, B. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Protasova, S. G., Straumal, P. B., Myatiev, A. A., Schütz, G., Goering, E. J., Tietze, T., Baretzky, B.

{Philosophical Magazine}, 93(10-12):1371-1383, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic properties of electrochemically prepared crystalline films of Prussian blue-based molecular magnets Kj CrIIk [CrIII(CN)6] l \mbox⋅ mH2O

Bhatt, P., Yusuf, S. M., Bhatt, R., Schütz, G.

{Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry}, 17, pages: 1285-1293, Springer-Verlag Germany, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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H2/D2 adsorption and desorption studies on carbon molecular sieves with different pore structures

Krkljus, I., Steriotis, T., Charalambopoulou, G., Gotzias, A., Hirscher, M.

{Carbon}, 57, pages: 239-247, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam [u.a.], 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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X-ray magnetic circular dichroism strongly influenced by non-magnetic cover layers

Zafar, K., Audehm, P., Schütz, G., Goering, E., Pathak, M., Chetry, K. B., LeClair, P. R., Gupta, A.

{Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena}, 191, pages: 1-6, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Learning Objective Functions for Manipulation

Kalakrishnan, M., Pastor, P., Righetti, L., Schaal, S.

In 2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, IEEE, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2013 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We present an approach to learning objective functions for robotic manipulation based on inverse reinforcement learning. Our path integral inverse reinforcement learning algorithm can deal with high-dimensional continuous state-action spaces, and only requires local optimality of demonstrated trajectories. We use L 1 regularization in order to achieve feature selection, and propose an efficient algorithm to minimize the resulting convex objective function. We demonstrate our approach by applying it to two core problems in robotic manipulation. First, we learn a cost function for redundancy resolution in inverse kinematics. Second, we use our method to learn a cost function over trajectories, which is then used in optimization-based motion planning for grasping and manipulation tasks. Experimental results show that our method outperforms previous algorithms in high-dimensional settings.

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Structural learning

Braun, D

Scholarpedia, 8(10):12312, October 2013 (article)

Abstract
Structural learning in motor control refers to a metalearning process whereby an agent extracts (abstract) invariants from its sensorimotor stream when experiencing a range of environments that share similar structure. Such invariants can then be exploited for faster generalization and learning-to-learn when experiencing novel, but related task environments.

ei

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Topological Control of Cell Sheet Migration by the 3D Microenvironment

Song, J., Kim, Y. T., Hazar, M., LeDuc, P. R., Davidson, L. A., Sitti, M.

Biophysical Journal, 104(2):147a, Elsevier, 2013 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Independent control of multiple magnetic microrobots in three dimensions

Diller, E., Giltinan, J., Sitti, M.

The International Journal of Robotics Research, 32(5):614-631, SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2013 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A hybrid topological and structural optimization method to design a 3-DOF planar motion compliant mechanism

Lum, G. Z., Teo, T. J., Yang, G., Yeo, S. H., Sitti, M.

In Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM), 2013 IEEE/ASME International Conference on, pages: 247-254, 2013 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Modular micro-robotic assembly through magnetic actuation and thermal bonding

Diller, E., Zhang, N., Sitti, M.

Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics, 8(3-4):121-131, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Behavior as broken symmetry in embodied self-organizing robots

Der, R., Martius, G.

In Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013, pages: 601-608, MIT Press, 2013 (incollection)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Information Driven Self-Organization of Complex Robotic Behaviors

Martius, G., Der, R., Ay, N.

PLoS ONE, 8(5):e63400, Public Library of Science, 2013 (article)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Light-induced microbubble poration of localized cells

Fan, Qihui, Hu, Wenqi, Ohta, Aaron T

In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, pages: 4482-4485, 2013 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Using Torque Redundancy to Optimize Contact Forces in Legged Robots

Righetti, L., Buchli, J., Mistry, M., Kalakrishnan, M., Schaal, S.

In Redundancy in Robot Manipulators and Multi-Robot Systems, 57, pages: 35-51, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013 (incollection)

Abstract
The development of legged robots for complex environments requires controllers that guarantee both high tracking performance and compliance with the environment. More specifically the control of contact interaction with the environment is of crucial importance to ensure stable, robust and safe motions. In the following, we present an inverse dynamics controller that exploits torque redundancy to directly and explicitly minimize any combination of linear and quadratic costs in the contact constraints and in the commands. Such a result is particularly relevant for legged robots as it allows to use torque redundancy to directly optimize contact interactions. For example, given a desired locomotion behavior, it can guarantee the minimization of contact forces to reduce slipping on difficult terrains while ensuring high tracking performance of the desired motion. The proposed controller is very simple and computationally efficient, and most importantly it can greatly improve the performance of legged locomotion on difficult terrains as can be seen in the experimental results.

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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The effect of model uncertainty on cooperation in sensorimotor interactions

Grau-Moya, J, Hez, E, Pezzulo, G, Braun, DA

Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 10(87):1-11, October 2013 (article)

Abstract
Decision-makers have been shown to rely on probabilistic models for perception and action. However, these models can be incorrect or partially wrong in which case the decision-maker has to cope with model uncertainty. Model uncertainty has recently also been shown to be an important determinant of sensorimotor behaviour in humans that can lead to risk-sensitive deviations from Bayes optimal behaviour towards worst-case or best-case outcomes. Here, we investigate the effect of model uncertainty on cooperation in sensorimotor interactions similar to the stag-hunt game, where players develop models about the other player and decide between a pay-off-dominant cooperative solution and a risk-dominant, non-cooperative solution. In simulations, we show that players who allow for optimistic deviations from their opponent model are much more likely to converge to cooperative outcomes. We also implemented this agent model in a virtual reality environment, and let human subjects play against a virtual player. In this game, subjects' pay-offs were experienced as forces opposing their movements. During the experiment, we manipulated the risk sensitivity of the computer player and observed human responses. We found not only that humans adaptively changed their level of cooperation depending on the risk sensitivity of the computer player but also that their initial play exhibited characteristic risk-sensitive biases. Our results suggest that model uncertainty is an important determinant of cooperation in two-player sensorimotor interactions.

ei

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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A Generic Deformation Model for Dense Non-Rigid Surface Registration: a Higher-Order MRF-based Approach

Zeng, Y., Wang, C., Gu, X., Samaras, D., Paragios, N.

In IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), pages: 3360~3367, 2013 (inproceedings)

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pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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Quantum kinetic theory for demagnetization after femtosecond laser pulses

Teeny, N.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2013 (mastersthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Exchange bias in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 / SrMnO3 / La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 trilayers

Jungbauer, M., Hühn, S., Michelmann, M., Goering, E., Moshnyaga, V.

{Journal of Applied Physcis}, 113(17), American Institute of Physics, New York, NY, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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General decoupling procedure for expectation values of four-operator products in electron-phonon quantum kinetics

Teeny, N., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical}, 46(38), IOP Pub., London, 2013 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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SPD-induced changes of structure and magnetic properties in the Cu-Co alloys

Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Kogtenkova, O. A., Kurmanaeva, L., Baretzky, B., Schütz, G., Korneva, A., Zieba, P.

{Materials Letters}, 98, pages: 217-221, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ferromagnetic behaviour of Fe-doped ZnO nanograined films

Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Tietze, T., Goering, E., Schütz, G., Straumal, P. B., Baretzky, B.

{Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology}, 4, pages: 361-369, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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The effect of magnetic anisotropy on the spin configurations of patterned La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 elements

Wohlhüter, P., Rhensius, J., Vaz, C. A. F., Heidler, J., Körner, H. S., Bisig, A., Foerster, M., Méchin, L., Gaucher, F., Locatelli, A., Niño, M. A., El Moussaoui, S., Nolting, F., Goering, E., Heyderman, L. J., Kläui, M.

{Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter}, 25, IOP Pub., Bristol, UK, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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The avalanche process in gold covered MgB2 films

Stahl, C., Treiber, S., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{Superconductor Science and Technology}, 26, IOP Pub., Bristol, 2013 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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MFU-4 - A metal-organic framework for highly effective H2/D2 separation

Teufel, J., Oh, H., Hirscher, M., Wahiduzzaman, M., Zhechkov, L., Kuc, A., Heine, T., Denysenko, D., Volkmer, D.

{Advanced Materials}, 25(4):635-639, Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, 2013 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Delayed magnetic vortex core reversal

Kammerer, M., Sproll, M., Stoll, H., Noske, M., Weigand, M., Illg, C., Fähnle, M., Schütz, G.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 102, American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY, 2013 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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A simulation and design tool for a passive rotation flapping wing mechanism

Arabagi, V., Hines, L., Sitti, M.

IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, 18(2):787-798, 2013 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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GECKO-INSPIRED POLYMER ADHESIVES

Menguc, Yigit, Metin, Metin

Polymer Adhesion, Friction, and Lubrication, pages: 351, Wiley, 2013 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Near and far-wall effects on the three-dimensional motion of bacteria-driven microbeads

Edwards, M. R., Wright Carlsen, R., Sitti, M.

Applied Physics Letters, 102(14):143701, AIP, 2013 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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SoftCubes: towards a soft modular matter

Yim, S., Sitti, M.

In Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2013 IEEE International Conference on, pages: 530-536, 2013 (inproceedings)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Magnetically Actuated Soft Capsule With the Multimodal Drug Release Function

Yim, S., Goyal, K., Sitti, M.

IEEE/ASME Trans. on Mechatronics, 18(4):1413-1418, IEEE, 2013 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Random Forests for Real Time 3D Face Analysis

Fanelli, G., Dantone, M., Gall, J., Fossati, A., van Gool, L.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 101(3):437-458, Springer, 2013 (article)

Abstract
We present a random forest-based framework for real time head pose estimation from depth images and extend it to localize a set of facial features in 3D. Our algorithm takes a voting approach, where each patch extracted from the depth image can directly cast a vote for the head pose or each of the facial features. Our system proves capable of handling large rotations, partial occlusions, and the noisy depth data acquired using commercial sensors. Moreover, the algorithm works on each frame independently and achieves real time performance without resorting to parallel computations on a GPU. We present extensive experiments on publicly available, challenging datasets and present a new annotated head pose database recorded using a Microsoft Kinect.

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data and code publisher's site pdf DOI Project Page [BibTex]

data and code publisher's site pdf DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Markerless Motion Capture of Multiple Characters Using Multi-view Image Segmentation

Liu, Y., Gall, J., Stoll, C., Dai, Q., Seidel, H., Theobalt, C.

Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 35(11):2720-2735, 2013 (article)

Abstract
Capturing the skeleton motion and detailed time-varying surface geometry of multiple, closely interacting peoples is a very challenging task, even in a multicamera setup, due to frequent occlusions and ambiguities in feature-to-person assignments. To address this task, we propose a framework that exploits multiview image segmentation. To this end, a probabilistic shape and appearance model is employed to segment the input images and to assign each pixel uniquely to one person. Given the articulated template models of each person and the labeled pixels, a combined optimization scheme, which splits the skeleton pose optimization problem into a local one and a lower dimensional global one, is applied one by one to each individual, followed with surface estimation to capture detailed nonrigid deformations. We show on various sequences that our approach can capture the 3D motion of humans accurately even if they move rapidly, if they wear wide apparel, and if they are engaged in challenging multiperson motions, including dancing, wrestling, and hugging.

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data and video pdf DOI Project Page [BibTex]

data and video pdf DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Viewpoint and pose in body-form adaptation

Sekunova, A., Black, M., Parkinson, L., Barton, J. J. S.

Perception, 42(2):176-186, 2013 (article)

Abstract
Faces and bodies are complex structures, perception of which can play important roles in person identification and inference of emotional state. Face representations have been explored using behavioural adaptation: in particular, studies have shown that face aftereffects show relatively broad tuning for viewpoint, consistent with origin in a high-level structural descriptor far removed from the retinal image. Our goals were to determine first, if body aftereffects also showed a degree of viewpoint invariance, and second if they also showed pose invariance, given that changes in pose create even more dramatic changes in the 2-D retinal image. We used a 3-D model of the human body to generate headless body images, whose parameters could be varied to generate different body forms, viewpoints, and poses. In the first experiment, subjects adapted to varying viewpoints of either slim or heavy bodies in a neutral stance, followed by test stimuli that were all front-facing. In the second experiment, we used the same front-facing bodies in neutral stance as test stimuli, but compared adaptation from bodies in the same neutral stance to adaptation with the same bodies in different poses. We found that body aftereffects were obtained over substantial viewpoint changes, with no significant decline in aftereffect magnitude with increasing viewpoint difference between adapting and test images. Aftereffects also showed transfer across one change in pose but not across another. We conclude that body representations may have more viewpoint invariance than faces, and demonstrate at least some transfer across pose, consistent with a high-level structural description. Keywords: aftereffect, shape, face, representation

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pdf from publisher abstract pdf link (url) Project Page [BibTex]

pdf from publisher abstract pdf link (url) Project Page [BibTex]